General Care of ornametns
Each piece of jewellery is very delicate so we must have to take care of them. So treat your jewellery with loving care and respect. It will stay young looking like most women. Remember to put your jewellery on after applying make-up and the hairspray and avoid contact with perfume.
Before entering a chlorinated pool remove all ornaments. Remove your jewellery when carrying out cleaning or other chores. Remove all jewellery if youíre contemplating a sauna as it will burn you when it heats up. Cleaning fluids can damage both the metal and the gemstones. Many gemstones are damaged by prolonged exposure to heat. A miss-hit with the hammer could end a beautiful relationship with not just your engagement ring.
How Durable is My Gemstone Jewellery?
First of all a note about the hardness and therefore relative durability of gemstones. To measure hardness, the jewellery industry uses the Mohs scale. This gem-trade standard, conceived by Friedrich Mohs in 1812, measures the ability of a gem or mineral to resist abrasion damage.
Diamond at 10 is the hardest whereas talc at 1 is the softest. Popular gemstones like amethyst and citrine register 7 whereas rubies and sapphires register 9. Most of us come off the beach on the first day with the 3 sís all achieved - rings caked in sand, sea-salt and suntan lotion. Nude sunbathing, as far as silver and gold jewellery is concerned, is a must! Remember also that sand will scratch the surface of precious metals.
Gemstones are identified by gemologists
Gemstones are identified by gemologists. The first characteristic a gemologist uses to identify a gemstone is its chemical composition. Gems are characterized in terms of refractive index, dispersion, specific gravity, hardness, cleavage, fracture, and luster. They may exhibit pleochroism or double refraction. Who describe gems and their characteristics using technical terminology specific to the field of gemology.
Next, many gems are crystals which are classified by their crystal system such as cubic or trigonal or monoclinic. They may have luminescence and a distinctive absorption spectrum. For example, diamonds are made of carbon (C) and rubies of aluminium oxide (Al2O3). Another term used is habit, the form the gem is usually found in. For example diamonds, which have a cubic crystal system, are often found as octahedrons.